Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Can you develop bipolar disorder?

A bipolar disease is a serious mental problem where the patient constantly subjected to severe mood swings and can develop to anybody. It is a strange mental disorder where the patient undergoes maniac events at higher swings and extreme depressions and lower moods. Manic-depressive disorder, the other name of the bipolar disease is a mental illness that caused in early adulthood of humans. Recent researches shows that even preteen children and teenagers can also be affected by bipolar disease so generally everyone can develop this disorder.

This bipolar disease can dent a person badly with frequent mood swings by throwing into depressions. Millions of people across the world are already the victims of this chronic mental sickness. This sickness causes lot of problems in a patient’s day to day life thus affecting his social and family relations. This disorder even drags patients into committing suicides at extreme moments of depression.

How does the bipolar disorder affect the brain?

Bipolar disorder affects the brain of the affected person. The way an affected person thinks and they way they act is in a way affected. This makes it difficult for a person to understand the condition they are in. Bipolar disorder is a serious medical condition that affects a persons behavioral characteristics.

Is bipolar disorder only hereditary?

Recently, it has been discovered that this problem is formed because of an imbalance of chemical levels found in your brain. This chemical imbalance can have degrees of severity and manifests itself through a variety of symptoms. It has long been said that it ran in the family, but there haven’t been a lot of concrete evidence to support the theory. Now scientists have discovered that it can in fact be passed down genetically, though it is a complicated situation.

Research has shown that children with both parents with the disorder have a higher chance of developing it, but a child with one diagnosed parent and one non-bipolar has a very small risk. There have also been studies on identical twins that states that if one is manic-depressive than the other has an over 80% chance of the mental illness developing.

– Why does Bipolar Disorder occur?

There aren’t any specific scientifically proved causes for bipolar disease. This mental disorder generally develops in a person who has been undergoing far too many problems. The family problems, partner relations and other social related issues generally lead a person to grow bipolar disorder in him. Often the problematic living and working environment can cause this manic-depressive disorder. Some studies say that extreme stress and depression can lead to bipolar disease. However some researches claim that bipolar disease is caused due the improper balance of chemicals in the brain.

– Causes of bipolar Disorder:

The precise causes of bipolar disorder is still unknown. However, there are certain factors believed to be associated with the disease:

* Patients with bipolar disease tend to develop physical changes in the brain. How these changes happen and why they appear, is unsure.
* Unevenness in the brain chemicals plays an important role in causing bipolar disorder and other mood disorders.
* Hormonal imbalance is also attributed to bipolar disorder.
* Bipolar disorder is seen more in people who have inherited this disease from a sibling or parent.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase the development of bipolar disorder are:

* Someone in the relation carrying the bipolar disorder gene.
* Taking high levels of stress.
* Inadequate drug intake.
* Early age, especially early 20s.

Symptoms of Bipolar disease

The frequent swinging of the mood is the primary symptom of bipolar disease. At the highest end of it, in manic event, patient tend to feel so energetic and happy than before, highly satisfied and sometimes go over confident. During this manic episode, patients tend to do some weird things which sometimes might put them in danger. After the completion of this manic event, patient tend to develop the opposite character .i.e. extreme depression. In this period, patient normally experience extreme ends of sadness, frustration and hopelessness.

This is the period of time where patient finds his day to day life difficult to cope with. It consider to be the dangerous time where sometimes patient might become suicidal. These two events, manic episode and depression episode generally follow each other on a cycle. Each episode lasts for a day, week or months depending upon the mental condition of the patient. The intensity of the manic and depression events varies from patient to patient.
How do you get tested for bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is only diagnosed on average 8 to 10 years after the onset of symptoms, which is regarded as outrageous by sufferer groups. There are many reasons for this, some of which are being addressed. There are some great tips for doctors to help identify bipolar disorder earlier on the website of Australia’s Black Dog Institute.

Unlike diabetes or pneumonia, bipolar disorder cannot be diagnosed by a laboratory test. Bipolar disorder is diagnosed in the old-fashioned, clinical way, by a doctor taking a history and doing an examination of the patient’s mental state. This might need to be carried out over a number of consultations.

When the doctor has collected sufficient information, he or she will carry out the ultimate bipolar test by comparing their findings with the DSM-IV criteria for the condition suspected. If those criteria are met, the diagnosis is made. Sometimes a provisional (working) diagnosis is made if one or more of the criteria are not clear-cut.

– Available Treatments:

First of all, it’s very difficult to diagnose bipolar disease. There aren’t any lab tests possible to conclude whether this disorder occurred to a person or not. It’s only the doctor who concludes the disease after collecting some information from patient about his personal experiences. There are no instant treatments to cure the disease at once. A scheduled course of medication will be prescribed by doctor which includes antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood stabilizers. Apart from this, a regular counseling by doctor will minimize the symptoms of the disorder. Parents and family members of the patient can play a good role by providing better living conditions.

When you are feeling low, you may lose interest in certain activities and cut out from the rest of the world. When your mood’s pendulum shifts to the other side, you may feel ecstatic and full of energy. Mood swings may vary from time to time. They can happen only a few times or several times. In certain cases, bipolar depression symptoms of depression and mania can happen simultaneously.

Even though bipolar disorder is a disturbing and long-term health issue, you can always keep a tap on mood swings by following a proper treatment plan. Most of the time, bipolar disorders can be easily managed with the help of medications and psychotherapy.

Symptoms of Bipolar:

Bipolar disorder is specified into categories each having different set of symptoms including:

* Bipolar disorder 1: Mood swings are associated with bipolar 1 disorder and can cause immense loss in relationships, jobs and studies. Freaking attacks can be extreme and treacherous.

* Bipolar disorder 2: As compared to bipolar 1 disorder, bipolar 2 disorder is less extreme. You can occasionally suffer from frustration, irritability but largely you can carry on your day-to-day activities without much of a hassle. Instead of suffering from intense mania, you suffer from hypomania- a less severe form of mania. In this disorder, duration of depression lasts longer than duration of hypomania.

* Cyclothymic disorder: Cyclothymic disorder is a lighter form of bipolar disorder. With cyclothymia, depression and hypomania can be troublesome but mood swings can be easily managed as they are with other types bipolar disorders.

The precise symptoms of bipolar disorder differ from individual to individual. For some people, depression can cause much worries, for other people maniac situations are main worries. Symptoms of hypomania and depression can occur together. This is called mixed episode.

Listed below are some of the signs that Maniac Phase show:

* Poor judgment
* Fast speech
* Behavior becomes aggressive
* Frequent altercations
* Decreased sleep
* Use of drugs or alcohol
* Regular absence from work
* Frustration
* Reduced performance at work

Signs and symptoms of distressing phase of bipolar disease:

* Sleep issues
* Tiredness
* Despair
* Difficulty in concentration
* Low appetite
* Felling cut out from the world
* Anxiety problems

When to see a psychiatrist

When you start experiencing symptoms of depression, stress or hypomania, see your psychiatrist immediately. Bipolar disorder does not heal itself. Getting help from a medical service provider will do a great deal managing your symptoms.


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